1 - 8 of 8 Chapters
[The general purpose of this chapter is to provide a critical analysis on the controversial enterprise of ‘logics of discovery’. It is naturally divided into six parts. After this introduction, in the second part (section 2) we briefly review the original heuristic methods, namely analysis and...
[The general purpose of this chapter is to give an overview of the field of abduction in order to provide the conceptual framework of our overall study of abductive reasoning and its relation to explanatory reasoning in subsequent chapters. It is naturally divided into seven parts. After this...
[In the preceding overview chapter, we have seen how the notion of abduction arose in the last century out of philosophical reflection on the nature of human reasoning, as it interacts with patterns of explanation and discovery. Our analysis brought out a number of salient aspects to the...
[Our logical analysis of abduction in the previous chapter is in a sense, purely structural. It was possible to state how abductive explanatory logic behaves, but not how abductive explanations are generated. In this chapter we turn to the question of abduction as a computational process. There...
[In the philosophy of science, we confront our logical account of chapter 3 with the notion of scientific explanation, as proposed by Hempel in two of his models of scientific inference: deductive-nomological and inductive-statistical [Hem65]. We showthat both can be viewed as forms of...
[Traditional positivist philosophy of science inherits from logical research
not only its language, but also its focus on the truth question, that is to say,
the purpose of using its methods as means for testing hypotheses or formulae.
As we saw in the previous chapter, Hempelian models of...
[In this chapter, I present the philosophical doctrine known as pragmatism, as proposed by Charles Peirce, namely, as a method of reflexion with the aim at clarifying ideas and guided at all moments by the ends of the ideas it analyzes. Pragmatism puts forward an epistemic aim with an...
[Notions related to explanation have also emerged in theories of belief change in AI. One does not just want to incorporate new beliefs, but often also, to justify them. The main motivation of these theories is to develop logical and computational mechanisms to incorporate newinformation to a...
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