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WEN-HSUA N T S A I A N D P E N G - H S I A N G K AO
Public Nomination and Direct Election in China
An Adaptive Mechanism for Party Recruitment
and Regime Perpetuation
ABS T RAC T
This research takes the case of Public Nomination and Direct Election, currently be-
ing rolled out in the People’s Republic of China, to explain the function of elections
in China. We believe that the goal of implementing this election system is to increase
the governing ability of the Chinese Communist Party, thus sustaining the survival of
the party-state system.
PNDE, two-round election system, CCP Central Committee member,
Party supervision of cadres, adaptation
INT R ODU C TIO N
In recent years, numerous new regulations have emerged in the Chinese
Communist Party’s (CCP) political operations. Many scholars believe that
this demonstrates the institutionalization of the CCP’s political system.
Anotable example of such regulations is the mechanisms for recruiting po-
litical elites. For instance, many new mechanisms were put in place during the
selection of CCP Central Committee members (Zhonggong zhongyang wei-
yuan) at the Seventeenth National Congress of the CCP in . Essentially,
. Frederik C. Teiwes, “Normal Politics with Chinese Characteristics,” in e Nature of Chinese
Politics: From Mao to Jiang, ed. Jonathan Unger (Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, ), pp. –.
W-H T is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Political Science at National
Cheng-chi University in Taipei, Taiwan (ROC). His book, e Logic of Political Reform in China
was published in Chinese in . His research interests include comparative authoritarian regimes
and political development in China. P-H K is Assistant Professor in the Department
of Food and Beverage Management at the China University of Science and Technology, Taipei,
Taiwan (ROC), and Visiting Scholar at Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, Zhejiang (People’s
Republic of China, PRC). He published Culture and Tourism in Chinese in . His research
interests include organization theory and tourism theory. e authors would like to thank Dr.
Zhong Yanlin for helpful comments and Nicola Dean for her assistance with the English writing.
Emails: (Tsai) <@nccu.edu.tw>, (Kao) <firstname.lastname@example.org>.