Conditional velocity statistics in the double scalar mixing layer - A mapping closure approach
AbstractIn this work we use 3D direct numerical simulations (DNS) to investigate the average velocity conditioned on a conserved scalar in a double scalar mixing layer (DSML). The DSML is a canonical multistream flow designed as a model problem for the extensively studied piloted diffusion flames. The conditional mean velocity appears as an unclosed term in advanced Eulerian models of turbulent non-premixed combustion, like the conditional moment closure and transported probability density function (PDF) methods. Here it accounts for inhomogeneous effects that have been found significant in flames with relatively low Damk hler numbers. Today there are only a few simple models available for the conditional mean velocity and these are discussed with reference to the DNS results. We find that both the linear model of Kutznetzov and the Li and Bilger model are unsuitable for multi stream flows, whereas the gradient diffusion model of Pope shows very close agreement with DNS over the whole range of the DSML. The gradient diffusion model relies on a model for the conserved scalar PDF and here we have used a presumed mapping function PDF, that is known to give an excellent representation of the DNS. A new model for the conditional mean velocity is suggested by arguing that the Gaussian reference field represents the velocity field, a statement that is evidenced by a near perfect agreement with DNS. The model still suffers from an inconsistency with the unconditional flux of conserved scalar variance, though, and a strategy for developing fully consistent models is suggested.