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Toward a Conceptual Schema of Prison Management Styles

Toward a Conceptual Schema of Prison Management Styles


Toward a Conceptual Schema of Prison Management Styles SAGE Publications, Inc.1981DOI: 10.1177/003288558106100206 Israel L. Barak-Glantz Israel Barak-Glantz is Professor of Sociology, Wayne State University The problems facing contemporary prison administrators have taken their form from numerous external influences bearing on the prison. We begin our paper with an analysis of the changing ideology of management in public affairs which has forced changes on the management of the prison. To understand the impact of this change it is necessary to review the revolution in correctional management which occurred in nearly every state after World War II, though in different forms and at different times. The revolution was directed in the main at t absolutist management and control which was not only inconsistent with American values but also antithetic to emerging norms of public administration. Conceptually, four types of prison management models can be identified in American corrections. These are: the Authoritarian Model, the Bureaucratic Lawful Model, the Shared-Powers Model, and the Inmate Control Model. These models of prison management can be distinguished from each other in terms of the basis of the normative order, and in the resultant procedures and locus of authority; the Authoritarian model on the one
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