State Economic Incentives: Stimulus or Reallocation?
AbstractThis article estimates the effects of state economic incentives during the 1980s and interprets results in the context of a general-equilibrium specific-factors model of production. The issue is whether investment incentives had a net positive impact on manufacturing value added because subsidized firms would pull resources from the rest of the state economy. The public finance literature provides the foundation of the econometric model. Empirical results are consistent with theoretical predictions of the specific-factors model that resources would come from other sectors. Incentives are associated with a reduction in manufacturing value added.