Simulation of room flows with small ventilation openings by a local grid-refinement technique
AbstractSmall ventilation openings in large rooms constitute a numerical resolution difficulty in indoor air flow simulation. A local grid-refinement technique is introduced to add local grid points in the small-opening regions. The method requires a relatively small increase in computer storage. A multi-grid algorithm, which turns out to be an efficient and accurate solves is used to solve the discrete system of equations on both global and local grids. A method for implementing the wall function in the solution procedure is described. Solutions of a three-dimensional isothermal mixing ventilation problem at Reynolds number of 5000 are compared with the experimental results in the literature. The method is then applied in a three-dimensional scaled model room ventilated by a plaque diffuser. The calculations show good agreement with the smoke visualisations of the flow pattern close to the diffuser. The method can be used to predict air flows with more realistic ventilation openings and more applications in large enclosures are expected in the future.