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Invited Review: Physiologic Aging and Nutritional Status

Nutrition in Clinical Practice , Volume 5 (1): 8 – Feb 1, 1990


Sage Publications
Copyright © 1990 by SAGE Publications
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Invited Review: Physiologic Aging and Nutritional Status


Invited ReviewPhysiologic Aging and Nutritional Status SAGE Publications, Inc.1990 10.1177/011542659000500108 Ronni Chernoff Ph.D., R.D. Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, John L. McClellan Memorial Veterans Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas The demographics of the population of the United States demonstrate a shift towards older age groups, with increasing numbers of Americans living longer. Within the group over 65 years of age, there are increasing numbers of people who are living over 75 years; the fastest growing segment of the elderly population is the group living 85 years or longer (figure 1). The impact that these population demographics will have on the health care system is already being noticed in acute, chronic and long term care facilities. This segment of the population includes the most frequent users of acute care beds and uses disproportionately more prescription drugs than do other age groups.' Elderly patients present more challenges to the medical management of disease than do younger individuals due to their higher incidence of concurrent chronic illnesses, as well as their more fragile state of health, and their longer response times to standard therapies. There is a great deal known about growth and development, with standards derived from data compiled from
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