Intravenous Safety and Pharmacokinetics of a Novel Dimerizer Drug, AP1903, in Healthy Volunteers
AbstractAP1903 is a novel gene-targeted drug that is being developed for use in drug-regulated cell therapies. An intravenous, single-blind, placebo and saline-controlled, ascending-dose study was performed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of AP1903. Twenty-eight normal healthy male volunteers were randomized into five dosage groups of AP1903 (0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5, and 1 mg/kg). Within each group, 4 volunteers received a single dose of AP1903, 1 volunteer received an equal volume of placebo, and 1 received an equal volume of normal saline. The only exception was in the 0.5 mg/kg group, in which 4 volunteers were dosed: 3 received AP1903 and 1 received normal saline. All dosages were administered as intravenous infusions over 2 hours. Clinical safety parameters were monitored, and serial blood and urine samples were collected for analysis of AP1903. No drug-related adverse events were observed at any of the dose levels with the possible exception of facial flushing in 1 volunteer at the 1.0 mg/kg dose level. AP1903 plasma levels were directly proportional to the administered dose, with mean C max values ranging from approximately 10 to 1275 ng/mL over the 0.01 to 1.0 mg/kg dose range. Following the infusion period, blood concentrations revealed a rapid distribution phase, with plasma levels being reduced to approximately 18%, 7%, and 1% of the maximal concentration at 0.5, 2, and 10 hours postdose, respectively. AP1903 was shown to be safe and well tolerated at all dose levels and demonstrated a favorable pharmacokinetic profile at doses well above the anticipated therapeutic dose.