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Indigo Plantation and the Agrarian Relations in Champaran during the Nineteenth century

Indigo Plantation and the Agrarian Relations in Champaran during the Nineteenth century


Indigo Plantation and the Agrarian Relations in Champaran during the Nineteenth century SAGE Publications, Inc.1966DOI: 10.1177/001946466600300402 Girish Mishra Kirori Mal College, Delhi No systematic work has so far been done on the growth of indigo plantations in Bihar. The references that one finds to it in works of history are stray and incidental. In this paper, an attempt has been made to analyse the endogenous factors, besides the trends in world market, which led to the development of indigo plantations by European planters on modern lines and the problems that this development had to face, in the district of Champaran. Among the endogenous factors, the role of agrarian relations has been analysed in some detail. The scope of this paper is confined to the 19th century. The author, however, proposes to study in another paper, the 20th century developments in indigo plantations, along with the issues involved in the Champaran Movement led by Gandhiji and also the overall impact of these developments on the economy of the district. (1) During the last century indigo cultivation and the manufacture of dye were carried on on a large scale and occupied a prominent place in the economy of North Bihar,
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