Instant Access to the Journals you Need

Read Online + Print Articles, for just $40 a month.

Start Your Free Trial

Guidelines for Establishing and Maintaining Token Economies

Guidelines for Establishing and Maintaining Token Economies

Abstract

Guidelines for Establishing and Maintaining Token Economies When properly implementedand maintained, tokeneconomies provide aneffective means for studentbehavior management ByBrenda Smith Myles, Mary Ross Moran, Christine K. Ormsbee, andJoyce AndersonDowning Token economies are a commonly used approach to student behavior management (Gallagher, 1988; Kazdin, 1977). In both general and special education classrooms, token economies require careful planning and implementation (Schilling & Cuvo, 1983). Because this procedure requires high levels of teacher time, commitment, and skill, token economies should generally be considered for mild behavior problems only when less intrusive measures-such as reinforcement and rule management-have been attempted and have failed to produce the desired results. On the other hand, those teachers whose students have moderate to severe behavior problems may find it more effective to establish their token system on the first day of school. Although the complexity of establishing token economies is well recognized, few guidelines exist to assist teachers in effectively implementing this procedure in their classrooms. Thus, the purpose of this article is to provide steps for establishing and maintaining token economies. The following stages in planning a token economy are discussed: (a) identifying target behaviors, (b) specifying and selecting reinforcers, (c) identifying token types and
Loading next page...
 
/lp/sage/guidelines-for-establishing-and-maintaining-token-economies-VwtyWxrYMD

You're reading a free preview. Subscribe to read or print the entire article.

And millions more from thousands of peer-reviewed journals, for just $40/month.

Start Your Free Trial

What content is in DeepDyve?

  • Read and share from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.
  • All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

Rent Scholarly Articles?

  • Read the full article in your browser.
  • Each month you can print 20 pages for free.
  • Access all of your rentals from the cloud anywhere you have an internet connection.
  • Beautiful reading experience – Full charts and figures, just like the PDF.
  • Read as much as you'd like - whenever you'd like.

Happy Users

“In one word renting from DeepDyve is FANTASTIC!!! ... 99% of the time I only need access to an article for a month or so, so renting the articles is perfect for me.”

Adam S.

“Thanks for a great service! For an unaffiliated science blogger like myself this is like a dream come true.”

Seppo P.

“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”

Daniel C.

“Let me seize this opportunity and congratulate you on the service you are rendering to the scientific community.”

Joao B.