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From mirasidar to pattadar: South India in the late nineteenth century

From mirasidar to pattadar: South India in the late nineteenth century


From mirasidar to pattadar: South India in the late nineteenth century SAGE Publications, Inc.2002DOI: 10.1177/001946460203900207 Tsukasa Mizushima The University of Tokyo, Tokyo Introduction In November 1874, when the new raiyatwari settlement was in progress, R.W. Barlow, the Collector of Chingleput District in the Madras Presidency, submitted a report to the Madras Board of Revenue. The report was on the 'evils arising from the Mirassi tenures ... the heavy coercive process resulting therefrom, and the measures I propose as the remedy'.' Barlow, who was apparently having a difficult time in enforcing the new rtii-vtit- wari settlement, listed the following four causes for explaining 'the unsatisfactory relations' between mirasidars and payakaris (non-rnirasidars) and 'the frequent occurrences of the false complaints of trespass, theft, robbery, and even arson', reported by the magistracy and the Superintendent of policed The listed causes were first, the abolition in 1855 of the dittam system, that is of a preliminary estimate for assessment made by the revenue officer at the beginning of the season;; second, the enforcement of the darkhast (land alienation) rules of 1863, which formally authorised the issue of separate patta (land title) to pcryrkaris without providing for the payment of mirasi swatantram or
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