AbstractFocus SAGE Publications, Inc.1989DOI: 10.1177/088840648901200405 The following papers were presented at a special session entitled "Addressing Individual Differences in the Classroom: Are We lDp to the Job?" at the April, Council for Exceptional Children Convention in San Francisco. This session was designed to address critical issues in teacher preparation. Recent studies have indicated that both special and regular education teachers have not been appropriately prepared to address learning differences in the classroom setting. Presenters identified and discussed the reasons for the major shortcomings in professional preparation and presented a series of solutions to address these shortcomings. Presenters): Critical Knowledge and Skills Required in Effective Teaching and Management of Individual Differences in the General Education Classroom, Bernice Wong; Teachers' Pierceptions of Their Undergraduate and Graduate Preparation, G. Reid Lyon, Mary Vaassen, Fran Toomey; Using General Education Teacher Effectiveness Uter- ature in e Preparation of Special Education Personnel, Margo Mastropieri; Model Public School Inservice Programs: Do They Exist? Richard Villa; The Effective Schools Literature Is Not Categorical -Why Is Certification?, Steven Kukic; dressing Individual Differences in the Class : Are IM9 Up to the Joh? A Discussion of the Issues, Ken- neth Kavale.