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Chauth-Collection in the Subah of Hyderabad 1726-1748

Chauth-Collection in the Subah of Hyderabad 1726-1748

Abstract

Chauth-Collection in the Subah of Hyderabad 1726-1748 SAGE Publications, Inc.1971DOI: 10.1177/001946467100800403 Zahiruddin Malik Nizam-ul-Mulk in 1725, according to Khafi Khan,' secured exemption from the collection of chauth2 which the Maratha government insisted on making through its own agents in Hyderabad like other subahs of the Deccan;3 he instead agreed to pay in cash an equivalent amount out of his treasury. He shifted his burden to the shoulders of jagirdars and holders of rent-free lands by levying a revenue tax of 25% on their mahals on the basis of the standard jama.4 4 In Khalisa as well as in jagir lands he appointed separate revenue collectors, called tahsildars,5 for the realisation of this additional sum, fixed a commission6 for service and in addition allowed them a deduction of 7% from the revenue receipts to meet the expenses of sihbandi.' 1. Khafi Khan, Muntakhab-ul-Lubab, II, p. 972; Qasim Aurangabadi, Ahwal-ul- Khswaqin, f. 240a. 2. A fourth part of the assessed revenue demanded by the Marathas from areas they had subjugated by force of arms. For details about its origin and mode of collection, vide, Surendarnath Sen, Military System of the Marathas, pp. 28-50. 3. The six subahs which constituted the
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