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Abstracts

Abstracts

Abstract

ABSTRACTS COHESION AND THE CULTURE OF HYPERMASCULINITY IN U.S. ARMY UNITS The goals of this study were to explore some of the ways gender affects cohesion and readiness in the small military unit, and to examine its impact on variables that may be related to unit cohesion, such as a culture of hypermasculinity. Using data from a 1998 survey of U.S. Army soldiers, the study found that men in male-only units manifested more group hypermasculinity than those in mixed gender units, and that group hypermasculinity was associated with higher levels of cohesion in male-only units, but not in mixed gender units. In addition, in male-only units, group hypermasculinity was, paradoxically, associated with a positive environ- ment for spouses. On the other hand, in mixed gender units, group hypermasculinity was associated with a negative environment for spouses and a negative environ- ment for women as coworkers. Across all groups, lower levels of group hypermasculinity and support for spouses were associated with a greater percent- age of blacks in the group. BY LEORA N. ROSEN, KATHRYN H. KNUDSON, AND PEGGY FANCHER THE SOCIAL IMPACT OF MILITARY GROWTH IN ST. MARY'S COUNTY, MARYLAND, 1940-1995 This article reports the social impact of
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