Instant Access to the Journals You Need

for just $40 per month.

Start Your Free Trial

Psychological factors in crime.

Psychological factors in crime.


Now that we have considered psychological problems in connection with testimony and crime detection, we turn to the criminal himself. The keynote of the present-day scientific attitude toward criminals is individualization; effort is made to discover what factors in the individual case led to the crime. In disposal of the case, again, the punishment or the ameliorative program is individualized. This modern attitude toward criminals is quite at variance with classical criminology. In earlier times it was merely a matter of what crime had been committed rather than who committed it. All horse thieves were equally culpable and received the same treatment. This simplified the administration of justice for it was merely necessary to establish guilt--further disposal of the case was routine. The procedure entirely overlooked such possible contributory factors as feeble-mindedness, emotional unstability, or extreme economic pressure. Modifications in this point of view began with the work of some Italian penologists in the middle of the nineteenth century who approached criminals from an anthropological standpoint, with the hypothesis that the criminal was a primitive type. An ape, for example, has a receding forehead so search was made for receding foreheads in criminals. Elaborate anthropological studies of bodily measurements were conducted, and, among other things, it was concluded that the criminal was an atavistic type. These penologists went much too far but they did make a real contribution: they called attention to the criminal as an individual. This paved the way for a psychological study of such individuals as soon as adequate techniques were available. The problem was, and still is, to determine whether there are certain types of persons who are more likely to commit crimes or, in the statistical sense, are predisposed. Mentally disordered and mentally defective individuals are of particular interest to the psychologist in this connection. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)
Loading next page...

You're reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

And millions more from thousands of peer-reviewed journals, for only $40/month.

Start Your Free Trial

What content is in DeepDyve?

  • Read and share from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.
  • All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

Rent Scholarly Articles?

  • Read the full article in your browser.
  • Access all of your rentals from the cloud anywhere you have an internet connection.
  • Beautiful reading experience – Full charts and figures, just like the PDF.
  • Read as much as you'd like - whenever you'd like.

Happy Users

“In one word renting from DeepDyve is FANTASTIC!!! ... 99% of the time I only need access to an article for a month or so, so renting the articles is perfect for me.”

Adam S.

“Thanks for a great service! For an unaffiliated science blogger like myself this is like a dream come true.”

Seppo P.

“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”

Daniel C.

“Let me seize this opportunity and congratulate you on the service you are rendering to the scientific community.”

Joao B.