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Trafficking Women after Socialism: To, Through, and From Eastern Europe

Trafficking Women after Socialism: To, Through, and From Eastern Europe GAIL KLIGMAN AND STEPHANIE LIMONCELLI The second period of Chinese prostitution in CA (ca. 1854–1925) was characterized by a widespread organization of the trade. . . . Luring and kidnapping were the more frequent methods of procurement, particularly after 1870. The baits used included promises of gold, marriage, jobs, or education. (Hirata 1979, 9) Most of the prostitutes in Kosovo have been trafficked illegally from the poorest parts of the ruined Soviet state. They are lured by the promise of a good job, usually in Italy or Germany, their passports are confiscated, and they generally wind up sold to Albanian pimps, who force them to work in brothels to pay off their “debt.” (Junger 2000) The traffic in women and girls for prostitution has recently commanded the attention of state authorities, activists, journalists, and academics the world over, although it is hardly a new phenomenon.1 While the extent of trafficking in women and its geographic routes have changed in the past hundred years, its structural causes and organization remain remarkably stable.2 In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, China, Japan, and many European countries supplied prostitutes to other countries. The first wave of globalization, accompanied by population http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society Oxford University Press

Trafficking Women after Socialism: To, Through, and From Eastern Europe

Abstract

GAIL KLIGMAN AND STEPHANIE LIMONCELLI The second period of Chinese prostitution in CA (ca. 1854–1925) was characterized by a widespread organization of the trade. . . . Luring and kidnapping were the more frequent methods of procurement, particularly after 1870. The baits used included promises of gold, marriage, jobs, or education. (Hirata 1979, 9) Most of the prostitutes in Kosovo have been trafficked illegally from the poorest parts of the ruined Soviet state. They are lured by the promise of a good job, usually in Italy or Germany, their passports are confiscated, and they generally wind up sold to Albanian pimps, who force them to work in brothels to pay off their “debt.” (Junger 2000) The traffic in women and girls for prostitution has recently commanded the attention of state authorities, activists, journalists, and academics the world over, although it is hardly a new phenomenon.1 While the extent of trafficking in women and its geographic routes have changed in the past hundred years, its structural causes and organization remain remarkably stable.2 In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, China, Japan, and many European countries supplied prostitutes to other countries. The first wave of globalization, accompanied by population
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