“Woah! It's like Spotify but for academic articles.”

Instant Access to Thousands of Journals for just $40/month

Get 2 Weeks Free

Subchronic Exposure to 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Modulates the Pathophysiology of Endometriosis in the Cynomolgus Monkey

Subchronic Exposure to 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin Modulates the Pathophysiology of Endometriosis in the Cynomolgus Monkey


Abstract An increase in the incidence and severity of endometriosis following treatment with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo- p -dioxin (TCDD) was a serendipitous finding in a reproductive toxicology study in rhesus monkeys. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of subchronic exposure to TCDD on the survival and growth of surgically implanted endometrial fragments. Endometrial fragments of equal size (4 × 1 mm 2 ) were auto-transplanted to the pelvic cavity of nulliparous cynomolgus monkeys ( Macaca fascicularis , n = 23), who were divided into 4 treatment groups and dosed 5 days a week with gelatin capsules containing 0, 1, 5, or 25 ng/kg body weight of TCDD mixed with glucose. Endometrial implant survival was monitored by laparoscopy at intervals of 1, 3, and 6 months. Animals were euthanized at 12 months of treatment in the early to mid luteal phase and the maximal and minimal endometrial implant diameter was measured. Both the maximal and minimal diameters were significantly reduced in the 0.71-ng/kg/day-TCDD dose group, compared to controls, whereas the survival rate was unaffected (20 vs. 16%, respectively). In contrast, exposure to 3.57 and 17.86 ng/kg/day TCDD for 1 year resulted in a significantly higher survival rate of implants (26.7% and 33.3% respectively vs. 16.0%) and significantly larger diameter implants in the 17.86-ng/kg/day dose group only, compared to the control group. Treatment had no effect on circulating gonadal steroid levels or menstrual cycle characteristics. It is concluded that TCDD facilitates the survival of endometrial implants and exerts a bimodal effect on endometrial implant growth.
Loading next page...
Problems Reading this Article? Report Issue Here

You're reading a free preview. Subscribe to read or print the entire article.

And millions more from thousands of peer-reviewed journals, for just $40/month.

Get 2 Weeks Free

To be the best researcher, you need access to the best research

  • With DeepDyve, you can stop worrying about how much articles cost, or if it's too much hassle to order — it's all at your fingertips. Your research is important and deserves the top content.
  • Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.
  • All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

Stop missing out on the latest updates in your field

  • We’ll send you automatic email updates on the keywords and journals you tell us are most important to you.
  • There is a lot of content out there, so we help you sift through it and stay organized.