Study of methyl transferase (G9aMT) and methylated histone (H3-K9) expressions in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA) and normal early pregnancy
AbstractAbstract We investigated the expression of methyl transferase G9a and methylated histone H3-K9 in fresh human decidual/endometrial tissue of 12 normal early pregnancies and 15 unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions (URSA). The samples were obtained through dilatation and curettage and collected as per strict inclusion–exclusion criteria. The tissue was subjected to immunohistochemical analysis (IHC), western blotting (WB) and RT–PCR analysis. The results demonstrated methyl transferase G9a to have a lower expression in abortions when compared with that in normal pregnancy ( P < 0.05). The sensitivity of RT–PCR, IHC and WB were respectively 66.67, 75 and 71.43%, while specificity of the same were 66.67, 60 and 78.92%, respectively. Methylated histone H3-K9 was significantly lower ( P < 0.0001) in URSA tissues than in controls. This study suggests that methylation may cause URSA and indicates the need for further work to explore the role of methylation in URSA and its possible prevention through locally acting methylating/demethylating agents.