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Penalized feature selection and classification in bioinformatics

Briefings in Bioinformatics , Volume 9 (5): 392 – Sep 1, 2008

Details

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 Oxford University Press
ISSN
1467-5463
eISSN
1477-4054
D.O.I.
10.1093/bib/bbn027
Publisher site
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Penalized feature selection and classification in bioinformatics

Abstract

Abstract In bioinformatics studies, supervised classification with high-dimensional input variables is frequently encountered. Examples routinely arise in genomic, epigenetic and proteomic studies. Feature selection can be employed along with classifier construction to avoid over-fitting, to generate more reliable classifier and to provide more insights into the underlying causal relationships. In this article, we provide a review of several recently developed penalized feature selection and classification techniques—which belong to the family of embedded feature selection methods—for bioinformatics studies with high-dimensional input. Classification objective functions, penalty functions and computational algorithms are discussed. Our goal is to make interested researchers aware of these feature selection and classification methods that are applicable to high-dimensional bioinformatics data.
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