“Woah! It's like Spotify but for academic articles.”

Instant Access to Thousands of Journals for just $40/month

Get 2 Weeks Free

Patterns and Predictors of Formal and Informal Care Among Elderly Persons Living in Board and Care Homes

Patterns and Predictors of Formal and Informal Care Among Elderly Persons Living in Board and Care Homes


The purpose of this study was to investigate the patterns and predictors of formal and informal help among a sample of older persons living in board and care homes ( N = 617). Formal helpers such as facility staff, service agencies, and community organizations were the most common providers of assistance, particularly for activities of daily living (ADLs; e.g., bathing, dressing, toileting) that required close and continual proximity. Informal helpers such as family members, friends, and other residents were most likely to assist with instrumental ADL (IADL) tasks such as shopping and getting around outside. The need for assistance with ADLs predicted the amount of formal ADL help received by residents, whereas both ADL need and the presence of mental illness predicted the amount of IADL help received from formal sources. In contrast, demographic factors such as gender and race, as well as the frequency of family contact, predicted the amount of informal help with IADL tasks. White residents, women, and those with frequent family contact were among those most likely to receive assistance from informal helpers. The results suggest the need to encourage the provision of informal assistance as well as the need to ensure the availability of sufficient staff and other formal helpers are available to provide formal care in these settings.
Loading next page...
Problems Reading this Article? Report Issue Here

You're reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

And millions more from thousands of peer-reviewed journals, for only $40/month.

Get 2 Weeks Free

To be the best researcher, you need access to the best research

  • With DeepDyve, you can stop worrying about how much articles cost, or if it's too much hassle to order — it's all at your fingertips. Your research is important and deserves the top content.
  • Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.
  • All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

Stop missing out on the latest updates in your field

  • We’ll send you automatic email updates on the keywords and journals you tell us are most important to you.
  • There is a lot of content out there, so we help you sift through it and stay organized.