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Health-Related Quality of Life after Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury

Health-Related Quality of Life after Pediatric Spinal Cord Injury

Abstract

Objective To describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among youth with spinal cord injury (SCI), examine agreement between child and caregiver report HRQOL, investigate relationships between HRQOL and demographic, injury and psychological variables. Methods Caregivers and youth with SCI completed a pediatric HRQOL measure and mental health measures; injury information was gathered from medical records. Results One hundred and ninety-seven youth with SCI and their caregivers participated. HRQOL was associated with current age, age at injury, level of injury and child and caregiver anxiety/depression. Child mental health significantly predicted child-report HRQOL ( p < .001, f 2 =1.07), whereas child ( p < .001, f 2 = 0.098) and caregiver ( p < .001, f 2 = 0.277) mental health both significantly predicted caregiver-report HRQOL. Agreement between child-report and caregiver-report was moderate at best, with youth rating their HRQOL as better than their caregivers. Conclusion Mental health of youth and caregivers is critical to HRQOL in pediatric SCI. Interventions to optimize psychological adjustment should be provided to both caregivers and youth.
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