The 5' Flanking Region of the Rhesus Monkey H3 (DMBT1) Gene Contains Putative Progesterone Response Elements
AbstractDMBT1 (deleted in malignant brain tumors) encodes a large scavenger receptor cysteine rich (SRCR) protein with proposed tumor suppressor properties due to its frequent deletion or lack of expression in a variety of different tumors including endometrial cancers. The gene is alternatively spliced to produce a number of related proteins with suspected functions in mucosal inflammation and epithelial regeneration. Expression of DMBT1 has been demonstrated in a wide variety of cell types, mostly of epithelial origin, including tissues of the respiratory system, the alimentary system, brain, and reproductive system. We have previously identified a Rhesus monkey cDNA clone H3 (homologous to human DMBT1) as a progesterone-induced gene in Rhesus monkey endometrium during the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle. As an initial step in understanding the molecular mechanisms of H3 (DMBT1) regulation we have cloned and sequenced 1.5 kb of the 5'-flanking region expected to contain promoter sequences of the Rhesus monkey gene and identified six putative progesterone receptor binding sites in the 5'-upstream region.