Improvement of Culture Conditions of Human Embryoid Bodies Using a Controlled Perfused and Dialyzed Bioreactor System
AbstractIn parallel to the active search for therapeutic and industrial applications of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), designing automated means of producing those cells is a timely goal. Slow-turning lateral vessels (STLVs) with low shear stress have shown promise for expanding the cells at the embryoid body stage. We have improved this technology by developing two complementary systems, allowing continuous optimization of the culture conditions. First, perfused STLV bioreactors were set up, to provide continuous delivery of culture medium to the cells growing in the rotating chamber. This allowed the external control of the culture medium, and consequently optimized oxygenation, pH, nutrient supply, and waste elimination. Second, a dialysis chamber was adapted. This led to a further enhanced controlled environment and a decrease in the quantity of adjunct products (e.g., growth factors) necessary to the cells inside the bioreactor chamber. hESC aggregation and initial differentiationâtaking neural induction as an exampleâwere compared between the perfused and dialyzed STLV system and static cultures. Perfused and dialyzed STLV bioreactors promoted formation of embryoid bodies that were differentiated more rapidly and were homogeneously synchronized in a statistically significant manner.