Time Course of Oxidative Stress During Open-Heart Surgery
AbstractOxidative stress and subsequent lipid peroxidation have been suggested as pathogenetically important for postischaemic reperfusion injury. We studied the time-course of oxidative stress in 14 adults undergoing cardiac surgery, evaluating serum levels of lipid peroxidation products—diene conjugates (DC) and basal and Fe-stimulated thio-barbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS, Fe-TEBARS)—as well as markers of blood antioxidant status—serum antioxidative capacity (AOC) and red blood cell glutathione (RBC-GSH) at 6 perioperative time-points. Arterial TBARS were significantly increased 15 minutes after start of cardiopulmonary bypass, 5 minutes after release of aortic cross-clamp and 15 minutes after cessation of bypass, compared with the preoperative levels (respective means 20.8, 38.5, 34.8 vs 7.5 nmol/g protein, p < 0.05). AOC had decreased at these times (means 21.3, 18.1, 23.2 vs 34.9%, p < 0.05). The TBARS changes correlated with AOC decrease (r = 0.30, p < 0.001). Changes in serum DC and RBC-GSH were not statistically significant. All lipid peroxidation parameters had returned to preoperative levels on the following morning, while antioxidative capacity remained suppressed (28.1%, p < 0.05). These data demonstrate a definite time-course of oxidative stress markers in arterial blood during open-heart surgery.