The Use of Haematoxylin for Squash Preparations of Chromosomes
AbstractA simplified propionic-iron alum-haematoxylin stain for rapid squash preparations of chromosomes requires only two stock solutions: (A) 2% haematoxylin and (B) 0.5% iron alum, both in 50% propionic acid. For use, suitable volumes of A and B are mixed. With unripened solution A, equal volumes should be used and the stain is ready for use 1 day after mixing. As the haematoxylin ripens, progressively smaller amounts of B are required and the mixture may be used immediately. The stain gives excellent results when used in the same way that orcein and carmine are currently employed, with a wide range of animal and plant (including fungal) chromosomes, and with good nucleolar staining. It may be used either following acetic alcohol (1:3) fixation or as joint fixative and stain on unfixed material. In fungal material, where Lu's BAC fixative is recommended, the centrioles are also stained.