Swedish dentists' decisions on preparation techniques and restorative materials
AbstractThis study aimed at mapping the preparation techniques and restorative materials that Swedish dentists are using for primary approximal and occlusal carious lesions. It involved sending a pre-coded questionnaire to a random sample of 923 dentists, with eight items concerning approximal and occlusal restorative preparation techniques and dental materials. Responses were received from 651 (70.5%) dentists. To restore a primary approximal carious lesion in an adolescent with low caries activity and good oral hygiene, the tunnel preparation was chosen by 48% of the dentists, the saucer-shaped preparation by 32%, and the traditional Class II preparation by 20%. The most common preparation technique for restoring an occlusal carious lesion was removal of the carious part only, which was chosen by 74% of the dentists. For a lower second molar with a minor occlusal caries lesion combined with a suspected dentin lesion as judged radiographically, about half of the dentists chose to restore the carious part only and 27% would seal the rest of the fissure system in addition. For a similar lesion with no obvious radiolucency in the dentin, about 1/3 chose the 'no treatment' alternative, 1/3 fluoride treatment, and the rest fissure sealing or other techniques. Composite was used most often and amalgam least often for both approximal and occlusal carious lesions.