Return and Value at Risk using the Dirichlet Process
AbstractThere exists a wide variety of models for return, and the chosen model determines the tool required to calculate the value at risk (VaR). This paper introduces an alternative methodology to model-based simulation by using a Monte Carlo simulation of the Dirichlet process. The model is constructed in a Bayesian framework, using properties initially described by Ferguson. A notable advantage of this model is that, on average, the random draws are sampled from a mixed distribution that consists of a prior guess by an expert and the empirical process based on a random sample of historical asset returns. The method is relatively automatic and similar to machine learning tools, e.g. the estimate is updated as new data arrive.