Reproduction after myomectomy: Comparison of patients with and without second-look laparoscopy
AbstractMyomectomy is associated with a high risk of de-novo adhesion formation that may decrease fertility. The purpose of this study was to compare the reproductive outcome of patients after laparoscopic or open myomectomy who underwent second-look (SL) hysteroscopy and laparoscopy including adhesiolysis with patients with no SL intervention. A total of 170 patients underwent open or laparoscopic myomectomy at one centre. All patients were recommended SL. Reproductive results were analyzed in 12 and 24 months intervals following myomectomy. Out of 170 post-myomectomy patients 96 signed informed consent with SL (group A) and 74 withheld (group B). The cumulative pregnancy rate in the 24-months follow-up was: 61.4% and 66.7% (p == 0.535) in group A and group B respectively. Adhesions of adnexa were observed and lysed in the overall of 34.0% of patients at the time of SL. Intrauterine synechiae were present in 1.56% of patients at the SL hysteroscopy. No case of uterine rupture during pregnancy or delivery was recorded. Our results show that the pregnancy rate of patients after myomectomy who underwent SL hysteroscopy and laparoscopy is similar to that of patients with no SL procedure. Adhesiolysis performed during SL does not seem to improve the reproductive outcome of post-myomectomy patients.