Psychiatric Comorbidity and Self-Efficacy to Resist Heavy Drinking in Alcoholic and Nonalcoholic Adolescents
AbstractThe authors examined both the nonspecific effects of psycho-pathology and the interactions of alcohol use disorders with other specific comorbid psychiatric conditions in an adolescent population on perceived self-efficacy to resist heavy drinking. The results suggest that nonspecific psychopathology, manifested in the form of any common psychiatric disorder, is associated with decreased situational confidence to resist heavy drinking across various situations. Main effects of alcohol use disorders, and several other specific psychiatric disorders, and specific comorbid interactions were also associated with decreased situational confidence. These results have implications for the etiology, prevention, and treatment of adolescents who abuse alcohol.