In vitro metabolism of a rifamycin derivative by animal and human liver microsomes, whole blood and expressed human CYP3A isoform
Abstract1. In vitro metabolism of a rifamycin derivative, benzoxazinorifamycin KRM-1648, was studied using mouse, rat, guinea pig, dog, monkey and human liver microsomes. 30-Hydroxy-KRM-1648 (M2) was produced in mouse, dog, monkey and human microsomes. 25-Deacetyl-KRM-1648 (M1) was produced in dog and human microsomes, but not in mouse or monkey microsomes. Neither M1 nor M2 was detected in rat or guinea pig microsomes. 2. In dog and human liver microsomes the formation of M2 was dependent on NADPH, but the formation of M1 was not. 3. In vitro metabolism of the parent compound was studied in whole blood in some species. Only M1 was detected in mouse and rat blood, and not in dog and human blood. 4. These findings demonstrated that the metabolite pattern in dog resembled that in man, and suggested that the 30-hydroxylation of KRM-1648 was mediated by cytochrome P450, but that the 25-deacetylation was not. 5. Among the ten recombinant human P450 isoforms used, only the cell lysates including CYP3A3 and CYP3A4 catalysed the M2 formation from KRM-1648.