Evaluation of Bone Growth Using Artificial Bone Substitute (Osteoset®) and Platelet Gel Mixtures: A Preliminarily Study in Dogs
AbstractPlatelet gels (PG), activated by bovine thrombin (BT), have increasingly been used in orthopedic surgery. However, BT may induce immunological reactions and carry potential viral and prion risks. To avoid these side effects, thrombin derived from human plasma (human thrombin, HT) is becoming the preferred platelet activator to prepare PG. However, limited experience and data on the clinical benefits of HT-generated PG (HTPG) in orthopedic surgery is reported. Consequently, we designed and performed a series of studies in dogs to compare the impacts of promotion of bone growth by an artificial bone substitute (Osteoset®) in combination with HTPG or without it in the spinal repair experiments. X-ray observations and histological studies were performed at predetermined periods post-operation. The preliminary results revealed the preparation of HTPG was easy and required less than 30 minutes. HTPG was capable of embedding the artificial bone substitute Osteoset® to prepare a sticky and easily manipulated composite for the application into spinal defect. We found HTPG exhibited enhancement of grafting capacity in consolidation of bone mass. After 12 weeks, tissue reconstruction reached approximately 80% of the injury defects when treated by HTPG/Osteoset® combination, but only 30∼40% in the absence of HTPG. The physiological activity of artificial bone substitute combined with PG activated by HT may therefore open beneficial prospects for more successful and safer bone formation in spine procedures in the near future.