Instant Access to the Journals You Need

for just $40 per month.

Start Your Free Trial

Dynamics of enfuvirtide resistance mutations in enfuvirtide-experienced patients remaining in virological failure under salvage therapy

Dynamics of enfuvirtide resistance mutations in enfuvirtide-experienced patients remaining in virological failure under salvage therapy


Background: Evaluation of the dynamics of enfuvirtide (ENF) resistance mutations after ENF withdrawal in patients with virological failure under salvage therapy may be helpful to optimize the management of ENF in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Methods: Seven patients with a failing ENF-containing regimen, initiated for at least 3 months (median 6.4 months, range 3––14), were included and followed up prospectively at the time of virological failure. Genotypic analysis of the gp41 region by bulk sequencing and clonal analysis was performed in plasma and/or peripheral blood mononuclear cells to detect ENF resistance mutations. Results: Genotypic profiles of ENF-resistant variants at ENF discontinuation were as follows: V38A in 3 patients, V38A++N42T++N43D in 1 patient, N43D in 2 patients, and N43K in 1 patient. Clonal analysis showed that maintaining ENF treatment after virological failure has an impact on both (1) the number of resistance profiles detected, and (2) the time of persistence of ENF-resistant variants. ENF-resistant variants were archived in HIV DNA in 5/7 patients. At 1 month after ENF withdrawal, no significant increase in HIV-1 viral load was observed. Conclusion: The persistence of ENF-resistant variants was found to be correlated to exposure time to failing drug. ENF withdrawal should be considered in patients with virological failure to preserve the possible efficacy of ENF recycling or upcoming entry inhibitors.
Loading next page...

You're reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

And millions more from thousands of peer-reviewed journals, for only $40/month.

Start Your Free Trial

What content is in DeepDyve?

  • Read and share from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.
  • All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

Rent Scholarly Articles?

  • Read the full article in your browser.
  • Access all of your rentals from the cloud anywhere you have an internet connection.
  • Beautiful reading experience – Full charts and figures, just like the PDF.
  • Read as much as you'd like - whenever you'd like.

Happy Users

“In one word renting from DeepDyve is FANTASTIC!!! ... 99% of the time I only need access to an article for a month or so, so renting the articles is perfect for me.”

Adam S.

“Thanks for a great service! For an unaffiliated science blogger like myself this is like a dream come true.”

Seppo P.

“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”

Daniel C.

“Let me seize this opportunity and congratulate you on the service you are rendering to the scientific community.”

Joao B.