C-reactive Protein Levels in HIV Complicated by Opportunistic Infections and Infections with Common Bacterial Pathogens
AbstractIn order to determine the pattern of C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations in HIV-infected patients with various other infections, we conducted a prospective study (for the period 1990-91) of all HIV-seropositive patients hospitalized with fever and a retrospective study (for the period 1990-95) of all patients infected with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Samples from blood, cerebrospinal fluid and sites with clinical signs of infection were obtained for bacteriological culture. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) determination was performed for cytomegalovirus in blood and CSF. Patients with opportunistic infections had a significantly lower increase in CRP concentration than patients infected with common bacterial pathogens. Patients with PCP and mycobacterial infections had a distinct CRP response after the onset of therapy. Lack of CRP increase at diagnosis of MAC infection was associated with a shorter survival and normalization of CRP after MAC therapy with a significantly longer survival.