Building primary care practitioners' attitudes and confidence in mental health skills in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina
AbstractOur program attempted to integrate community mental health in primary care settings in post-conflict Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The training program underwent an extensive evaluation to determine its impact on the mental health knowledge, confidence in performing medical and psychiatric procedures, skills and attitudes of 93 Bosnian primary care practitioners (PCPs). There was a significant improvement in PCPs confidence in all clusters of medical and psychiatric procedures (counseling, prescribing psychotropic medications, treating trauma victims, diagnosing and assisting with social issues, stress reduction, future leadership skills/roles, utilizing the referral system and treating vulnerable populations) comparing baseline to post-training and baseline to two-year follow-up ( p <.05). However, psychiatric diagnosis was not statistically significant comparing baseline to post-training ( p =.055) or baseline to two-year follow-up ( p =.052). This study supports the feasibility of training PCPs in a culturally effective manner in a post-conflict society such as Bosnia and Herzegovina.