An intracellular delivery vehicle for protein transduction of micro-dystrophin
AbstractThe Fv fragment of an antibody that selectively targets and penetrates skeletal muscle in vivo was produced as a fusion protein with a micro-dystrophin for use as a delivery vehicle to transport micro-dystrophin into muscle cells. Fv-micro-dystrophin was produced as a secreted protein by transient transfection of Fv-micro-dystrophin cDNA in COS-7 cells and as a non-secreted protein by permanent transfection in Pichia pastoris . Isolated Fv-micro-dystrophin was shown to be full-length by Western blot analysis. Fv-micro-dystrophin penetrated multiple cell lines in vitro , and it localized to the plasma membrane of a cell line with membrane beta-dystroglycan. In the absence of membrane beta-dystroglycan, it localized to the cytoplasm. Antibody-mediated transduction of micro-dystrophin into muscle cells is a potential therapy for dystrophin-deficient muscular dystrophies.