A transthyretin mutation (Tyr78Phe) associated with peripheral neuropathy, carpal tunnel syndrome and skin amyloidosis
AbstractBackground. More than 80 transthyretin (TTR) mutations have been described, most associated with amyloidosis. Peripheral neuropathy is the most common clinical presentation in TTR amyloidosis although the carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) may be the first symptom and skin can be involved, as transthyretin amyloidosis is a systemic disease . Case report. The 78 year-old proband, belonging to a French family of Italian origin, presented with a 5 year history of peripheral neuropathy in the lower extremities. However, 15 years earlier he had had surgery for bilateral CTS. Amyloidosis was diagnosed on salivary gland and skin biopsies. Immunohistochemistry on skin biopsy was positive using anti-TTR. The proband has 10 siblings, 5 have CTS . Methods. SSCP and direct sequencing of exons 2, 3, and 4 of the TTR gene were done on DNAJ from the proband and his brother who had had CTS. To confirm the mutation a PCR-IMRA was done . Results. SSCP analysis of TTR exons 2, 3, and 4 did not suggest a mutation. Sequence analysis of TTR exon 3 revealed heterozygosity in both subjects for a single base-pair transversion from A to T in codon 78 (TAC-TTC) indicating a tyrosine to phenyiaianine change. The mutation was confirmed by PCR-IMRA . Conclusion. This TTR mutation (Tyr78Phe) is associated with peripheral neuropathy, carpal tunnel syndrome and skin amyloidosis. It is also associated with late onset of the disease .