A Phloxine-Azure-Hematoxylin Sequence for Differential Staining of Cells in Pancreatic Islets
AbstractSections of 6 μ from tissues fixed in Susa or in Bouin's fluid (without acetic acid) and embedded in paraffin were attached to slides with Mayer's albumen, dried at 37 C for 12 hr, deparaffinized and hydrated. The sections fixed in Susa were transferred to a I 2 -K 1 solution (1:2:300 ml of water); rinsed in water, decolorized in 5% Na 2 S 2 O 3 ; washed in running water, and rinsed in distilled water. Those fixed in Bouin's were transferred to 80% alcohol until decolorized, then rinsed in distilled water. All sections were stained in 1% aqueous phloxine, 10 min; rinsed in distilled water and transferred to 3% aqueous phosphotungstic acid, 1 min; rinsed in distilled water; stained 0.5 min in 0.05 azure II (Merck), washed in water; and finally, nuclear staining in Weigert's hematoxylin for 1 min was followed by a rinse in distilled water, rapid dehydration through alcohols, clearing in xylene and covering in balsam or a synthetic resin. In the completed stain, islet cells appear as follows: A cells, purple; B cells, weakly violet-blue; D cells, light blue with evident granules; exocrine cells, grayish blue with red granules.