A mathematical model of the hsp70 regulation in the cell
AbstractA mathematical model of the regulation process of the heat shock protein hsp70 in the cell is presented. The model describes the damaging effect of elevated temperature on proteins; the interaction of free hsp70 with injured proteins and its chaperone role in nascent protein translation; the relation between the amount of free hsp70 and the formation of the activated trimer form of the heat shock factor protein (HSF) the binding of activated HSF with the heat shock elements on the DNA; the transcription of mRNA of hsp70 and the synthesis of hsp70. The reaction of the model to a temporal rise in temperature shows an initial decline and a subsequent sharp rise to an ultimately increased level of free hsp70 in the cell. The response of the model to both a single and two consecutive heat shocks appears to closely resemble experimental data on hsp70 synthesis. This general agreement demonstrates the structure of the model to be sound and suitable as a basis for further modelling the complex tolerance mechanism of the cell.