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in Spine . . .
One of the most commonly quoted arti-
cles in the spine literature was published by E.J. Holt, Jr., in
1968 . Based on study of prisoners who had volunteered
to undergo discography, Holt reported 37% false-positive
discograms in asymptomatic subjects. In the same year, an-
other study concluded that discography was valuable and
associated with few complications . Holt’s study was
critically reviewed by Simmons et al. in 1988 .
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