English for Speci®c Purposes: Discourse Analysis and Course Design
a del Pilar Garcia Mayo. Universidad del Paõ
s Vasco, 2000, 145 pp. US$8.00.
English for Speci®c Purposes (ESP) has become an important focus both in the
English and non-English speaking world and much has been written on that speci®c
area of English language teaching (ELT) in the last 40 years or so to ful®l the needs
of prospective ESP students worldwide. As a consequence, the ®eld now has a
healthy body of research lines, scholarly publications and teaching materials.
English for Speci®c Purposes: Discourse Analysis and Course Design is the latest
ESP oering whose purpose is to present readers with an overview of ESP theory
and practice and to provide original and innovative ideas about the structure of an
introductory one-semester (60 h) course on English for Science and Technology.
Such a course is intended for advanced undergraduates in ELT and/or students in
Master's programs in applied linguistics who are interested in teaching ESP and
want to have a general overview of the latest research in this ®eld. The book
undoubtedly ®lls a gap not only in the ESP literature, but also in the much broader
®eld of Languages for Speci®c Purposes (LSP). Its author, Marõ
a del Pilar Garcõ
Mayo, drew on her experience both in the design and in the teaching of the proposed
course and on her students' reactions to the materials presented. In so doing, she
shows a high degree of creativity and expertise.
In her ®rst chapter, the author traces the evolution of the essential principles of
ESP from the very beginning of the movement in the early 1960s until the present
day. She starts with a comprehensive introduction on the role of ESP; its origin; the
reasons for its development and its role in today's world; the dierent stages of ESP
research (and its in¯uence on teaching materials) starting from the quantitative
analysis of ESP texts characteristic of the 1960s to the rhetorical/discourse/genre
analysis phases of the late 1990s, without forgetting such approaches as register (in
the 1970s) and needs analysis (in the 1980s). But Dr. Garcõ
a Mayo not only men-
tions the most important phases in the development of the ESP movement, but also
critically analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of these dierent approaches which
have all marked the history of ESP.
The highlight of the second chapter is the design of the actual proposal for the
course entitled ``English for Science and Technology'', its objective, its detailed
program and the pedagogic approach are recommended. The course proposed is
made up of four sections. Section I covers an overview of the world of ESP/EST.
English for Specific Purposes 21 (2002) 99±104
0889-4906/01/$20.00 # 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.