A sensitive bioluminescent immunoinhibition test for CK-B subunit activity and a CK-MB specific ELISA compared: correlation with agarose electrophoresis and influence of CK-isoenzyme profile on results.
Abstract Searching for alternatives to the imprecise spectrophotometric tests for low-concentration creatine kinase (EC 184.108.40.206) isoenzyme MB (CK-MB), we investigated the analytical performance of two potentially superior approaches--a bioluminescent immunoinhibition assay (I, LKB-Wallac) and an ELISA (enzyme-labeled immunosorbent assay) technique (II, Hybritech)--in comparison with an electrophoretic method (III, Beckman). Only I showed good between-day precision (CV 8.3%) at the upper reference limit, allowing reproducible assay of CK-B subunit activity down to at least 3 U/L. In conditions where CK isoenzyme assays remained unaffected by CK-MM concentrations, test results were proportional to the amount of CK-MB in the sample up to at least 50 U/L for I, 120 micrograms/L for II, and 100 U/L for III (r greater than 0.998 by linear regression analysis). For CK-MB-positive samples, the data by I correlated more closely with values by III (n = 24; r = 0.994) than did results by II (n = 15; r = 0.909), but both methods were equally effective in discriminating between samples with or without electrophoretically supranormal CK-MB activity (93% sensitivity). II was entirely CK-MB specific, whereas CK-B activity by I was consistently (18/18) increased in CK-MB-negative samples containing CK-BB (n = 6; r = 0.996) or macro CK, types 1 or 2 (n = 12; r = 0.930). I is highly sensitive for screening for increased non-MM CK activity, the nature of which should be subsequently clarified by electrophoresis. © 1988 The American Association for Clinical Chemistry « Previous | Next Article » Table of Contents This Article Clinical Chemistry July 1988 vol. 34 no. 7 1474-1478 » Abstract PDF Services Email this article to a friend Alert me when this article is cited Alert me if a correction is posted Similar articles in this journal Similar articles in Web of Science Similar articles in PubMed Download to citation manager Responses No responses published Citing Articles Load citing article information Citing articles via Web of Science Citing articles via Google Scholar Google Scholar Articles by Gorus, F. Articles by Laureys, M. Search for related content PubMed PubMed citation Articles by Gorus, F. Articles by Laureys, M. Related Content Load related web page information Follow Us Clinical Chemistry Trainee Council Register Today! www.traineecouncil.org Information for Authors Submit a Manuscript Editorial Board Clinical Case Studies Clinical Chemistry Guide to Scientific Writing Journal Club Podcasts Translated Content Annual Meeting Abstracts Permissions and Reprints Advertising Copyright © 2012 by the American Association for Clinical Chemistry
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